A temple, fortified city walls, residential areas and public spaces: Israeli archaeologists find an ancient metropolis near Haifa. This city from the early Bronze Age was already cosmopolitan and planned, the researchers enthuse.
Researchers uncovered the remains of an impressive ancient metropolis in northern Israel. The site near today's Harish in Haifa district is around 5,000 years old, and the "largest and most central" site ever discovered in the territory of the Middle East, said the Israeli Antiquities Authority. "This is the New York of the Early Bronze Age in our region," said the excavation leaders in a statement.
Cosmopolitan and planned, the city had been, according to their estimates, about 6,000 inhabitants had. The work on the archaeological site of En Esur therefore exposed a fortified city wall, residential areas, public squares and streets and alleys. The researchers also made the position of a temple with a supposedly ritually used stone basin. There found animal and human bone remains to draw conclusions about the cultural habits of the inhabitants.
In addition, the archaeologists found traces of a presumed 2000 years older settlement from the Copper Age – directly under the remains of the Bronze Age metropolis.